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      丟失的比特幣會發生什麼?

      比特幣 比特幣

      丟失的比特幣是什麼?

      當資產所有者無法對其進行控製時,比特幣就被認為在區塊鏈上丟失了。

      比特幣(BTC)是一種去中心化的數字貨幣,它將其記錄存儲在一組分布式節點中,這些節點共同代表公共分類賬,也稱為區塊鏈。在比特幣區塊鏈上,私人錢包用戶擁有一個公共地址,同時持有私鑰,使他們能夠控製該地址內持有的資產。

      BTC的流通量隻能是2100萬個;這是在協議中設計和編碼的。比特幣的設計是通貨緊縮的,在一段時間內,資產的稀缺性會增加。比特幣的價值在一定程度上是通過對可能存在的比特幣總量的最大限製以及定期減少給予礦工將新比特幣投入流通的獎勵(通過比特幣減半)來維持的。

      任何丟失的比特幣都會進一步加劇通貨緊縮過程,並導致可用比特幣的稀缺。考慮到錢包可能真的處於休眠狀態,很難估計丟失的比特幣的確切數量。

      然而,根據區塊鏈數據平台 Chainaanalysis 的研究,比特幣總供應量的 17% - 23% 可能會丟失,範圍在 278 萬到 379 萬個 BTC 之間。據推測,比特幣創造者中本聰的錢包中還持有高達 100 萬枚來自早期挖礦獎勵的 BTC,占這些丟失或休眠比特幣的一定比例。

      比特幣怎麼會丟失呢?

      比特幣可能因用戶錯誤或第三方通過詐騙、黑客或社交工程進行的惡意行為而丟失。

      下麵列出了一些潛在的場景:

      私鑰泄露

      疏忽、成為社會工程的受害者或被黑客攻擊等安全故障可能會導致私鑰受損,從而使不良行為者竊取人們的比特幣。這可能是任何網絡釣魚、惡意軟件或其他欺詐場景的一部分。

      發送到錯誤的網絡

      令人驚訝的是,在轉移 BTC 時,這種情況經常發生;如果用戶錯誤地將其發送到錯誤的網絡或無效的地址(缺少數字等),則完全無法恢複。由於比特幣生態係統中序數的出現,這一點變得更加重要,因為一些錢包的地址與標準 BTC 地址不同。

      發送到錯誤的地址

      在轉移BTC時,如果用戶將其發送到錯誤的地址,則恢複起來可能會非常困難。首先,關鍵問題是確定轉賬的真正接收者,然後有一個合理的機製來請求回報,這在去中心化的生態係統中非常困難。

      錢包受損

      If a user’s Bitcoin wallet is damaged or corrupted for any reason, they could potentially lose access to their BTC. However, there is no issue if the user has the private key; a new wallet can be set up again and restored with the private key.

      User abandonment

      Many dormant addresses on BTC have never had any activity for many reasons. One reason could be that owners have forgotten their private keys and cannot access their Bitcoin, leading to irretrievable Bitcoin on the blockchain.

      They could have potentially discarded their old computers, hardware wallets or deleted recovery files, which minimizes their options for restoring prior access.

      Inheritance issues

      This is another form of user abandonment. The private key owners might have sadly passed away, with no one else having access to the original private keys, leading to forgotten crypto holdings. This could happen for both private wallets and accounts on centralized exchanges if there is no clear nomination process set up or available for the next of kin.

      Enforcement actions

      Users can also lose their Bitcoin due to asset forfeiture by government authorities. These would be targeted actions based on the law, and in the case of private wallets, users would still be required to hand over their private keys for enforcement action to proceed.

      Centralized exchange hacks

      Centralized exchanges that hold user assets are also at risk of being hacked or losing assets due to insolvency, resulting in users not having access to their assets.

      Consequences of lost Bitcoin

      With increasing institutional awareness and interest, Bitcoin is gaining more recognition as digital gold and a store of value. Any lost Bitcoin can represent a severe loss of wealth for users over the coming decades.

      Bitcoin has existed since 2009, and there is a general consensus among experts that it holds a unique position among digital currencies as a store of value. The launch of Bitcoin spot exchange-traded funds (ETFs) has brought tremendous institutional liquidity and interest into Bitcoin. These factors have led many experts to predict significant valuations for Bitcoin a decade from now.

      Users who have lost their BTC forever with no possibility of recovery may struggle with guilt and self-blame. There is generally a focus on narratives around gains and wins; however, losses like these, sadly, are also part of engaging with the cryptocurrency ecosystem. The industry should focus on multisig and innovative wallet solutions that can reduce the possibility of such losses for users in the future. These would help reduce fraud and accidental loss of keys and, in turn, encourage wider adoption.

      The deflationary nature of Bitcoin adds complexity. All the lost BTC accelerates the scarcity of available units. Unlike some speculators, institutions and high-net-worth individuals tend to take long-term positions in Bitcoin rather than engage in frequent trading. The combined effect of these factors suggests a trend toward increased Bitcoin scarcity and potentially higher prices in the future.

      Can lost Bitcoin be recovered?

      All hope is not lost for users who have lost their assets; however, whether any Bitcoin can be recovered depends on the combination of what’s available to reconstruct and the background to the loss.

      Here are a few potential avenues for users to explore to recover lost Bitcoin:

      Data recovery services

      Some firms specialize in the recovery of users’ lost cryptocurrencies. They usually deal with scenarios around drive issues or hardware failure, forgotten passwords, wallet corruption, data loss or incorrect recipients. They offer a variety of techniques, from brute force reconstruction of partial or entire seed phrases to reconstructing wallets, forgetting passwords, guessing and retrieving keys stored on a hard drive.

      They generally tend to have a higher success rate when access to an existing computer or device allows these firms to reverse engineer access. Considering the cryptographic principles behind Bitcoin, a complete reconstruction of a forgotten seed phrase is extremely difficult with today’s computational abilities.

      Users must exercise caution and deal with reputed firms with verifiable reviews and a track record of success, as many of the services could also be outright scams or overpriced with no tangible returns.

      Private investigation firms

      These are usually involved in the case of hacks or scams that concern a large amount of money, have a vast array of investigative tools at their disposal and, in many cases, tend to collaborate with law enforcement authorities to pursue bad actors and retrieve some of the stolen Bitcoin. These are viable alternatives for users who have lost a significant amount of assets and would prefer to try and recover the lost assets.

      What are the safest ways to store Bitcoin?

      Cold storage, strong security practices and personal control of one’s private keys are essential for safe Bitcoin storage.

      Using “cold storage,” which keeps private keys offline, helps store Bitcoin safely and prevent cyber threats. A hardware wallet is the most widely used cold storage solution, allowing transactions and providing superior security.

      Alternatively, for the highest level of protection, one may consider paper wallets, which print keys on paper. Regardless of the method used, it is imperative to have numerous secure backups of private keys.

      無論用戶喜歡軟件錢包還是硬件錢包,他們都應該做好功課並選擇值得信賴的選項。交易所可能不是存儲大量資金的可行媒介,因為它們很容易成為黑客的目標。最終,網絡釣魚詐騙意識和良好的密碼衛生為比特幣持有提供額外的保護。

      相關知識

      比特幣披薩日!【招財貓】比特幣披薩的曆史。[百世論幣]5.22周日比特幣以太早間分析[幣圈小姐姐]"比特幣政策研究所推出權利基金為SamouraiWallet創始人辯護"[加密block]突發新聞:支持加密貨幣的唐納德·特朗普開啟比特幣和加密貨幣捐贈的競選活動[01紫鵬]周二比特幣做空大獲全勝"比特幣:從兩個披薩到數千億美元市值的曆程""比特幣交易周年紀念活動在舊金山舉行"比特幣價格飆升至新高,加密貨幣清算額創下新紀錄比特幣披薩日背後的故事:慶祝加密貨幣曆史上的裏程碑

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